Common Eye Problems With Age
Common Eye Problems With Age:
People's eyes naturally change with age, which can cause a number of eye issues. Typical eye issues brought on by ageing include:
a. Presbyopia: This is a condition where the lens of the eye gradually loses its flexibility, making it difficult to focus on close objects. It usually becomes noticeable around the age of 40 and continues to progress with age.
b. Cataracts: Cataracts occur when the normally clear lens of the eye becomes cloudy, leading to blurred vision, increased sensitivity to glare, and difficulty seeing at night. Cataracts are more common in older individuals, and surgery is often required to remove the cloudy lens.
c. Age-related macular degeneration (AMD): AMD is a progressive condition that affects the central part of the retina (macula), leading to a loss of central vision. This can make activities like reading, driving, and recognizing faces challenging.
d. Glaucoma: Glaucoma is a group of eye conditions that damage the optic nerve, often due to increased pressure inside the eye. It can lead to peripheral vision loss and, if left untreated, may result in blindness.
e. Dry eye syndrome: As people age, tear production tends to decrease, leading to dry and irritated eyes. Dry eye syndrome can cause discomfort, blurred vision, and sensitivity to light.
f. Floaters and flashes: With age, the jelly-like substance inside the eye (vitreous) may shrink and cause floaters (tiny specks or spots that appear to float across your field of vision) and flashes (brief, bright streaks of light). While usually harmless, sudden increases in floaters and flashes may be a sign of a retinal tear or detachment, requiring immediate attention.
g. Diabetic retinopathy: People with diabetes are at risk of developing diabetic retinopathy, a condition that damages the blood vessels in the retina. This can lead to vision loss if not managed properly.
h. Eyelid changes: As skin loses elasticity with age, eyelids may droop (ptosis) or turn inward or outward (entropion or ectropion). These conditions can cause discomfort and affect vision.
i. Decreased color perception: Some people may experience a decline in their ability to perceive colors accurately as they age.
j. Pterygium: A pterygium is a growth of pink, fleshy tissue on the conjunctiva (the clear tissue covering the white part of the eye) that can extend onto the cornea, causing irritation and vision disturbances.
It's crucial to keep in mind that frequent eye exams are necessary to diagnose and treat certain eye disorders early on, especially as we age. Early detection and the proper medical care can help preserve vision and stop additional problems. It's important to see an eye care specialist for a thorough checkup if you detect any changes in your vision or eye health.
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